The 3rd volume of the Ghanaian Journal of Economics presents stimulating articles with far reaching policy implications. The first of five articles published in this volume is a contribution by Francis Mulangu of the African Centre for Economic Transformation (ACET), based in Accra, Ghana. The article provides evidence of the impact of the African Growth and Opportunities Act (AGOA) and its apparel provision on firm-level productivity and employment. The paper establishes that AGOA and its apparel provision’s impacts on employment are weak but they exert a positive impact on firm productivity. The paper recommends a review of policy variables such as customs efficiency, business licensing and permit delays, and regulation burden in order to expedite the potential of AGOA in increasing employment and productivity in Africa.