Comparative Studies On Yield Of Volvariella Volvacea Using Root And Tuber Peels For Improved Livelihood Of Communities

  • M .M Apetorgbor
  • A K Apetorgbor

Abstract

Cassava and yam peels abound in Ghana where these are processed for food. Peels generated are usually left to rot. People collect edible mushrooms from these wastes; however, quantities collected are very low. This study sought to determine the optimum composting period for root and tuber peels and develop the best substrate media which would produce optimum growth and yield of Volvariella volvacea. Oil palm mushroom was cultivated on low beds using dry cassava, yam and potato peels. Peels were used singly, as mixtures and then variously mixed with dry leucaena and plantain leaves as supplements. Varietal effects of three cassava peels as substrates and leaves as supplements on yield of V. volvacea were also assessed. Yam peels supplemented with plantain leaves gave the best yield (169.24g/kg substrate) with pinheads appearing in 14 days followed by potato peels supplemented with plantain leaves (78.19g/kg substrate) and yam peels supplemented with leucaena leaves (60.42g/kg substrate). Potato peels supplemented with plantain leaves induced earliest formation of pinheads (11 days) followed by yam and cassava peels and mixture of yam and potato peels. Mixture of yam and potato peels gave better yield (59.98g/kg substrate) than when supplemented with leucaena leaves. The best composting period of the substrates for optimum growth and yield of the mushroom was ten days. Variety of cassava peel used in mushroom cultivation also has effect on its yield. Protein and ash contents were higher in the fruit body of V. volvacea when cultivated on potato peels than on cassava peels

Published
2018-02-19
Section
Articles