Relationship Between Self-Determination Theory Components And Exercise Participation Among Tai Solarin University of Education Academic Staff
A considerable number of studies have shown that exercise improves mood, manages stress, treats mental disorders, enhance self-concept, and self-efficacy and increases personal fulfillment. Despite the multifarious benefits accrued to exercise, relatively, small numbers of people exercise regularly. The purpose of this study was to find out the relationship between self-determination components and exercise participation among Tai Solarin University of education academic staff. One hundred and sixty (68 male and 92 male) volunteered academic staff were randomly selected from the four colleges in the university, thus, forming the sample for the study. A standardized questionnaire of the self-determination theory developed by Markland Tobin (2004) was used for data collection. The Cronbach Alpha coefficient was autonomy r =0.85, competence r = 0.82, relatedness r = 0.86 and exercise r = 0.89. Inferential statistics of chi-square(x2) was used to analyzed the data at 0.05 level of significance. Based on the findings of the study, it was concluded that competence and relatedness were reported as important purpose of participation in exercise among Tai Solarin University of education academic staff while autonomy was not. It was recommended that, among others that university management should bear in mind what motivates the academic staff to participate in exercise so that they can develop high moral standards, meritious service and team work to the university community.