Effects Of Direct Health Instruction Programme On Road Safety Attitude of Commercial Motorcyclists In Ijubu Division Of Ogun State, Nigeria
Road Traffic Accident is an unplanned road event and one of the major causes of tragedies to man, especially in developing countries. It deserves proactive initiatives and scrupulous mitigations as it results largely from road users’ errors occasioned by poor traffic knowledge and non-challant attitudes. This study examined the effectiveness of direct-instruction health education on road safety attitudes of commercial motorcyclists in Ijebu-Ode, Ogun State, Nigeria. The pretest-posttest, control group quasi experimental research design was adopted. Multistage sampling was used to select one hundred and forty six commercial motorcyclists assigned to experimental and control groups. The experimental group was exposed to an eightweek direct instruction health education while the control group received fire safety information. A self-developed and structured questionnaire (r = 0.71) was used to glean data. Data were analysed using frequency counts, percentages, standard deviations, analysis of covariance and multiple classifications at 0.05 level of significance. Seven hypotheses were tested and the results showed that there was a significant main effect of treatment on road safety attitudes of experimental participants (F (2,143 = 13.706) with effect size of 0.031. However, there was neither main nor interactive effect of age and educational attainment on participants’ attitude. Also, a three-way interaction effect of treatment, age and educational attainment on attitude to road traffic accident was not significant. Therefore, commercial motorcyclists should be exposed to regular direct instruction health education programme to reduce road traffic accidents and their attendant costs.