Comparison of Several Methods to Estimate Reference Evapotranspiration
Evapotranspiration is one of the major components of the hydrologic cycle is highly important in studies relevant to design and management of irrigation systems. The knowledge of the evapotranspiration of natural ecosystems and plant populations is of fundamental importance in several branches of science, research and practical uses. Nevertheless, the harmonization of the large number of methods and user needs often causes problems. The aim of these analyses was to explore the output range and sensitivity of models of different physical approaches under local conditions. In this study, evapotranspiration (ET0) was determined by several models include: Penman-Monteith-FAO-56, Blaney-Criddle, Hargreaves-Samani modified 2, Pan Evaporation, Jensen-Haise and Thornthwait in the Garebayegan research station at Fars province. PenmanMonteith-FAO-56 was reference model. Results of this research show that Pan Evaporation method, Hargreaves-Samani modified 2 and Blaney-Criddle have not significant difference by Penman-MonteithFAO-56 in (P value< 0.05 level). Pan Evaporation method has most similarity to Penman-Monteith-FAO-56. Jensen-Haise and Thornthwait models have significant difference by Penman-Monteith-FAO-56 in (P value< 0.01 level). Thornthwait model has most difference by Penman-Monteith-FAO-56.